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2019年海上伤亡及事件数为23073起

来源: 2019-11-08 11:06:33 责任编辑:国际海员服务中心网 人气:

EMSA发布了海上伤亡年度审查报告,报告了总计23,073起的伤亡和事件,并着重指出,在过去5年中,EMPIC中记录的平均海上伤亡或事件为3239起;在过去五年中,非常严重的人员伤亡事件一直处于稳定水平。

总体而言,2017年的海上人员伤亡总数为3,301,而EMSA在2018年报告的海上人员伤亡与上一年相比有所减少。

该报告基于有关海上人员伤亡和事件的统计数据:涉及悬挂欧盟成员国之一国旗的船舶;发生在《联合国海洋法公约》所定义的欧盟成员国领海和内部水域内;或涉及欧盟成员国的其他相关事件。

关键数字

事故和人员伤亡总数为23,073;

95起非常严重的人员伤亡事件

53人死亡

941人受伤

25艘船损失

涉及3515艘船

188次调查

报告的海上人员伤亡和事件数量

因此,已报告的海上人员伤亡和事件总数为23,073起。在过去5年中,EMCIP中记录的海上人员伤亡或事件的平均数量为3,239起。

然而,该报告指出,对海上人员伤亡和事件的报告仍处于低估状态,较为中肯的预估是每年总共发生4000起事故左右。

非常严重的人员伤亡:

在过去五年中,非常严重的人员伤亡数一直稳定。但是,相对于过去五年的平均值,2018年增长了14.5%。 2018年严重人员伤亡数增加了2.5%。

各类严重程度不同造成的海上人员伤亡和事件数量

2018年,报告的海上人员伤亡中,有3.0%为非常严重的事故(95),严重事故为25.9%,严重程度为53.5%,一般海上事故为17.6%。

船舶损坏情况:

在2011年至2018年发生的23,073起海上人员伤亡和事件中,涉及的船舶总数为25,614艘。

#普通货船是造成海上人员伤亡或事件的主要类别(43.8%),其次是客船(23.7%)。

2018年,除其他船舶外,所有船舶类别中涉及海难搁浅或事故的船舶数量稳定或略有下降。与2017年相比,涉及的其他船舶数量增加了近63.7%。

按主要类别划分的船舶分布。

根据EMSA,货船,客船和服务性船的船舶发生严重事故分布非常相似。

与其他船舶类别相比,渔船造成的严重人员伤亡比率非常低,减少了10%以上,这表明该类别中经常发生漏报的情况。

涉及海上人员伤亡的最年轻的船舶类别是平均13.7年的货船。

考虑到这一类别包括历史悠久的船只,最老的 “轮船”,其寿命为30.1年。

2011-2018年按主要类别分列的平均船舶年龄

海上人员伤亡

#1船只被报告15612起事件,记录的人员伤亡有7,461起。

#2从2011年到2018年,船舶损失事件与人员伤亡事件之间的比率为2/3至1/3,此比率一直保持稳定。

#3在2018年,船舶的人员伤亡或事故有所减少。

#4从2011年至2018年,船舶非常严重伤亡人数为2.3%,严重事故为21.9%,一般严重事故55.8%,一般事故为19.9%。

#5导航人员伤亡人数占伤亡人数的(54.4%)以上,其中发生碰撞(26.2%),搁浅(15.3%)和触底/搁浅(12.9%)

船舶伤亡事件分类

伤亡/事件的根本原因

调查人员寻找了造成人员伤亡的根本原因,结果是:

在调查期间分析的总共4,104起事故事件中,有65.8%归因于人为行为类别,而20%归因于系统/设备故障。

同时,船上作业占主要类别,占总数的65%,其中2,003宗与“人为”事故有关。

死亡人数

在2011年至2018年期间,共发生426起事故,共造成696人丧生,自2015年以来显着下降,但在2018年有所逆转。

船员死亡人数为566,是受影响最大的人员类别。

要了解更多信息,请点击下面的PDF

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23,073 maritime casualties and incidents reported in 2019

EMSA released its annual review of maritime casualties reporting the total of 23,073 casualties and incidents, highlighting that in the last 5 years the average number of marine casualties or incidents recorded in EMCIP is 3239; The number of very serious casualties has been steady over the last five years.

07/11/19

Overall, 2017's maritime casualties were a total of 3,301, whereas in 2018 EMSA reported of a decrease in marine casualties, in comparison to the previous year.

The report is based on statistics on marine casualties and incidents that: involve ships flying a flag of one of the EU Member States; occur within EU Member States’ territorial sea and internal waters as defined in UNCLOS; or involve other substantial interests of the EU Member States.

Key numbers 

•23,073 total incidents and casualties;

•95 very serious casualties

•53 fatalities

•941 injured persons

•25 ships lost

•3515 ships involved

•188 investigations

image012.jpg 

Number of reported marine casualties and incidents

Accordingly, the total number of reported marine casualties and incidents is 23, 073. In the last 5 years, the average number of marine casualties or incidents recorded in EMCIP is 3,239.

Yet, the report informs that under-reporting of marine casualties and incidents continues, achieving an overall of 4,000 occurrences per year being a best estimate.

Very serious casualties:

The number of very serious casualties has been steady over the last five years. However, in relation to the average of the last 5 years an increase of 14.5% in 2018 was noted. Serious casualties increased by 2.5% in 2018.

image014.jpg 

Number of marine casualties and incidents per severity of the occurrence

In 2018, 3.0% of the reported marine casualties were very serious (95), 25.9% serious, 53.5% less serious and 17.6% were marine incidents.

Casualties by ships:

In the 23,073 marine casualties and incidents that happened from 2011 to 2018, the total number of ships involved was 25,614.

# General cargo ships were the main category involved in a marine casualty or incident (43.8%), followed by passenger ships (23.7%).

In 2018, the number of ships involved in a marine casualty or incident stabilised or slightly decreased in all ship categories, except other ships. The number of other ships involved increase almost 63.7% compared with 2017.

image014.jpg 

Distribution of ships involved by main category.

According to EMSA, the distribution of the occurrence severity for the ship is very similar for cargo ships, passenger ships and service ships.

The rate of less serious casualties for fishing vessels is significantly low, more than 10%  less, in comparison to other ship categories, indicating that under-reporting is usual in this category.

The youngest category of ships involved in marine casualties was cargo ships with 13.7 years average.

The oldest was ‘otherships’ with 30.1 years, as expected, considering that this category includes historical vessels.

image014.jpg 

Average age of ships involved by main category for 2011-2018

Marine casualties

#1 15, 612 occurrences were reported with a ship and 7,461 occurrences with person(s) were recorded.

#2 The ratio 2/3 to 1/3 between occurrences with ship(s) and occurrence with person(s) has remained stable from 2011 to 2018.

#3 In 2018 there was a slight decrease of the casualties or incidents with a ship.

#4 From 2011 to 2018, 2.3% of casualties with a ship were very serious, 21.9% serious, 55.8% less serious and 19.9% marine incidents.

#5 The navigational casualties represent more than (54.4%) of the casualty events, with collisions (26.2%), contacts (15.3%) and grounding/stranding (12.9%)

image020.jpg 

Distribution of casualty events with a ship

Root causes of casualty/incident

The investigators looked for the root causes of the casualty, resulting to:

From a total of 4,104 accident events analysed during the investigations, 65.8% were attributed to a human actions’ category and 20% to system/ equipment failures.

In the meantime, Shipboard operations represented the main group with 65% of the total, with 2,003 related to the accident event “Human action”.

Fatalities

Over the 2011-2018 period, 426 accidents led to a total of 696 lives lost, with a very significant decrease since 2015 which was however somewhat reversed in 2018. .

With 566 fatalities, crew is the most affected category of persons.

To explore more, click on the PDF herebelow

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