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欧洲海事安全局:2017年海事伤亡年度报告显示

来源: 2018-11-19 15:45:22 责任编辑:国际海员服务中心网 人气:

 欧洲海事安全局发布了海事伤亡年度审查报告,截至2017年,共发生3,301起事件。报告显示,自2014年以来,非常严重的伤亡事故数量持续下降,2017年报告74起严重事故。共有61人受伤,61艘船失踪。在2011 - 2017年期间,共发生405起事故,683人丧生,自2015年以来显着下降。

 
该报告包括关于海上事故伤亡的统计数据:涉及悬挂欧盟成员国船旗帜的船舶; 发生在“联合国海洋法公约”规定的欧盟成员国领海和内水中; 或涉及欧盟成员国的其他实质性利益。
2017年关键数据
3301起伤亡及事故
74起严重事故
61起伤亡事故
涉及1018名人员
12艘船失踪
涉事船舶3647艘
事故调查122件
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关键点
2017年报告了3301起事件,EMCIP中记录的事件总数已增加到2万多起。相当于过去四年平均每年有3315人伤亡。
 
自2014年以来,非常严重的伤亡事故数量持续下降,2017年报告了74起。船舶损失数量也有类似改善,共12份报告,2014年为41份。
 
2011年至2017年期间,共发生405起事故,导致683人丧生,自2015年以来显着减少。船员受害最为严重,共555人死亡。
 
2017年,报告中有1018名人员受伤。 自2014年以来,这一数字保持相对稳定,每年受伤人数约为1000人。 船员再次成为海上受伤的主要人群(2011 - 2017年期间为5,329人)。
各种船型造成的伤亡
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2011 - 2017年期间,普通货船是主要事故类别船舶(42.5%),其次是客船(22.6%)。虽然2017年货船和服务船事故数量稳定,客船和其他船舶事故数量略有减少,但渔船事故数量持续增加。
 
2017年有1500多艘货船发生事故,导致25人死亡,这是自欧盟立法实施以来的最低数字。
 
2011 - 2017年期间,共近120艘渔船发生事故,渔船是失踪最多的船舶类别。然而,两年后,渔船失踪数量从21艘减少到6艘。此外,2017年失踪人数从60减少至13人。
 
关于乘客船上发生伤亡,有近一半事故发生在渡轮上。2017年没有渡轮失踪,死亡人数也不断减少,死亡人数不足5人。
 
2017年未发生服务船舶失踪。虽然死亡人数保持不变,但伤亡报告有所减少。
 
共200艘'其他类型'的船舶发生海上事故。尽管此类船只的数量有限,但其导致的人员伤亡数量增加,事故主要是发生在带发动机或船帆的娱乐船上。
 
事故船舶船龄
018.jpg
2011 - 2017年期间所有事故船舶的平均船龄为18.4年。 事故船只数量最多的是船龄为5-9年的船只。
 
发生海上事故的船龄最小的是货船,船龄最大的是渔船。
事故发生地点
019.jpg
一半人员伤亡与航行本身有关,如碰触,搁浅和碰撞。就职业事故而言,40%的人员伤亡是由于在船上滑倒,绊倒和摔倒造成的。
 
结合碰撞(占23.2%)碰触(16.3%)和搁浅(16.6%)来看,导航造成人员伤亡占所有伤亡的53.1%,也占所有事故的37.8%。一起事故就可以造成11 952名人员伤亡,多次伤亡事故也会导致2 055名人员伤亡。
 
人为错误占伤亡原因的58%,船上作业的突发事件占事故原因的70%。
 
欧盟成员国调查机构在2011-2017期间展开了1070项调查,已发布近900份报告。在发布的2,000项安全建议中,40%与运营实践有关,特别是与安全工作实践有关。一半的安全建议是针对航运公司的,正面响应率约为50%。
EMSA: Overview of maritime casualties in 2017
EMSA released its annual review of maritime casualties reporting a total of 3,301 occurrences through 2017. The report reveals that the number of very serious casualties has continuously decreased since 2014 with 74 reported in 2017. A total of 61 people were injured and 61 ships were lost. During the 2011-2017 period, 405 accidents led to a total of 683 lives lost, which represents a significant decrease since 2015.
 
CASUALTIES | 16/11/18
The report contains statistics on marine casualties and incidents that: involve ships flying a flag of one of the EU Member States; occur within EU Member States’ territorial sea and internal waters as defined in UNCLOS; or involve other substantial interests of the EU Member States
 
Key figures 2017
3,301 casualties and incidents
74 very serious casualties 
61 fatalities 
1,018 persons involved 
12 ships lost
3,647 ships involved 
122 investigations
021.jpg
Key points
With 3301 occurrences reported in 2017, the total number of occurrences recorded in EMCIP has grown to over 20,000. This amounts to an average of 3315 casualties per year over the past four years.
 
The number of very serious casualties has continuously decreased since 2014 with 74 reported in 2017. A similar improvement was noted for the number of ships lost, with 12 reports as compared with 41 in 2014.
During the 2011-2017 period, 405 accidents led to a total of 683 lives lost, which represents a significant decrease since 2015. Crew have been the most affected category of victims with 555 fatalities.
In 2017, there were 1018 injured persons reported. This number has remained relatively steady since 2014, at around 1000 per year. Again, crew represent the main category of persons injured at sea (5,329 during the 2011-2017 period).
 
Casualties per ship type
During the 2011-2017 period, general cargo ships were the main category involved (42.5%), followed by passenger ships (22.6%). While the number of cargo ships and service ships stabilised and the number of passenger ships and other ships slightly decreased in 2017, a continued increase was noted in relation to fishing vessels.
 
More than 1500 cargo ships were involved in accidents that resulted in 25 fatalities in 2017, the lowest number since the EU legislation is in place.
 
With a total of almost 120, fishing vessels remains the category of ship with the highest number of ships lost over the 2011-2017 period. However, the number of fishing vessels lost dropped from 21 to six in two years’ time. Moreover, there was a decrease from 60 to 13 lives lost in 2017.
Almost half of the casualties that occurred onboard a passenger vessel involved ferries. While no ships were lost in 2017, the number of fatalities has also continued to decrease with less than five fatalities.
 
No service ships were lost in 2017. While the number of fatalities remained identical, fewer injuries were reported.
 
200 ‘other types’ of ships have been involved in a marine accident. Despite the limited number of such ships, this resulted in an increase in fatalities and injuries, mainly on leisure boats with engines or sails.
 
Casualties per ship age
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The average age of all ships involved over the 2011-2017 period was 18.4 years. The highest number of ships involved was in the 5-9 year old segment
 
The youngest category of ships involved in marine casualties was cargo ships, while the oldest was fishing vessels.
Casualties per location
024.jpg
While the departure is the safest segment (8.8%) for all types of ship, the ‘mid-water’ is the least safe in general (26.2%).
 
42% of the casualties took place in port areas, followed by 28.6% in coastal waters
 
While the distribution of accidents is similar among the phases of a voyage for the various types of ships, the most unsafe for fishing vessels is by far the mid-water.
 
All types of ships have the highest numbers of casualties and incidents within internal waters, followed by coastal waters
 
Casualties per cause
025.jpg
Half of the casualties were related to issues of a navigational nature, such as contacts, grounding/stranding and collision. As concerns occupational accidents, 40% were attributed to the slipping, stumbling and falling of persons.
 
The combination of collision (23.2%) contact (16.3%), and grounding/ stranding (16.6%) shows that navigational casualties represent 53.1% of all casualties with ships. They also represent 37.8% of all occurrences. 11 952 casualties with a ship involve a single casualty event. 2 055 casualties with a ship have more than one casualty event.
 
Human error represented 58% of accidental events and 70% of accidental events had shipboard operations as a contributing factor.
 
EU Member State investigation bodies have launched 1070 investigations over the 2011-2017 period and almost 900 reports have been published. Among the 2,000 safety recommendations issued, 40% were related to operational practices, and in particular to safe working practices. Half of the safety recommendations were addressed to the shipping companies and the positive response rate was around 50%.
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