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三名船员进入货船封闭处所后死亡

来源: 2018-11-15 10:31:15 责任编辑:国际海员服务中心网 人气:

 据报道,货船'Appolo Kita'上的三名船员在进入封闭的空间后因窒息死亡,该船于11月9日在石垣岛附近航行。

 
据消息人士透露,该船当时正在从加里曼丹驶往日本大阪,船上装载有木材,三名船员进入货舱后失去意识。随后该船中断航行,船员被送往石垣进行医疗护理,但他们没有醒来。事故的原因被认为是货舱内的含氧量极低。
此事故恰逢国际船舶经理人协会(InterManager)发起正式活动,旨在激励海员在封闭处所工作时考虑安全问题,并鼓励他们识别和分享他们认为可降低风险的措施。
海员如何判断即将进入的空间是否危险(如果不存在相关的海报或标志)?像上文所述的封闭处所:
进出的缺口大小有限;
通风不足;
不是为长时间工作而设计;
9月份报告了另一起类似事件,涉及两艘RMI船旗的船只,不到一天的时间船上三人死亡。
在此之后,马绍尔群岛管理员建议船舶管理人员审查其封闭处所进入程序,并在必要时对其进行修改,确保其符合RMI海事通告7-041-1中列出的要求。管理员还强烈建议船舶管理人员向其管理船队中的所有船舶发送信函或公告,说明:
 
1.无意进入封闭处所的危险;
如何识别封闭处所以及海员在执行日常船舶任务时可能遇到的不同类型的封闭处所;
所有海员,不论初级或高级,未经许可,不得进入封闭处所,只能按照船舶管理的既定程序进入;
船员经过准许才进入封闭处所;
海员在封闭处所内协助同伴的最佳方法是立即发出警报,以便按照船舶管理的既定程序进行有组织的救援。
 
2.管理员还强烈建议船长应该:
举行特别安全会议,审查船舶管理部门发布的信函或公告,并分享本MSA提供的信息,特别强调执行所有海员必须承担的责任,以防止封闭处所相关事件的发生,以及因冲动立即进入封闭处所,试图协助同事情况的发生;
与船舶的人员和船员一起审查船舶的封闭处所进入程序,然后展开封闭处所进入培训;
进行封闭处所救援演习。
0-12.jpg
Three crewmen die after enclosed space entry on cargo ship
 
Three crewmen onboard the general cargo ship 'Appolo Kita' have reportedly lost their lives from asphyxiation after an enclosed space entry, while the ship was was underway off Ishigakijima, on 9 November.
 
CASUALTIES | 13/11/18
According to sources, the ship was en route from Kalimantan to Osaka, Japan, carrying wood, when the three crew members lost consciousness after entering a cargo hold. The ship interrupted voyage and the crewmen were transported to Ishigaki for medical care, but they did not recover. The cause of the accident is believed to be extreme low levels of oxygen inside the hold
 
The incident coincides with the launch of an official campaign by InterManager, the international trade association for the shipmanagement sector, aiming to stimulate seafarers to think about safety issues when working in enclosed spaces and encourage them to identify and share measures which they believe would reduce risks.
 
How may a seafarer be suspicious that a space he/she is about to enter is dangerous (if no relevant poster or sign exists)? A space like the above:
has limited openings for entry and exit;
 
has inadequate ventilation; and
is not designed for continuous worker occupation
Another similar incident was reported in September, involving two RMI-flagged vessels with three fatalities in less than 24 hours.
 
On the aftermath, the Marshall Islands administrator advised that Ship Managers review their confined space entry procedures and, if necessary revise them, to ensure they comply with the requirements outlined in RMI Marine Notice 7-041-1. The Administrator also strongly recommends that ship managers send a letter or bulletin to all vessels in their managed fleet addressing:
the dangers of improperly entering a confined space;
 
how to recognize a confined space and examples of the different types of confined spaces a seafarer might encounter while performing their day-to-day ship board tasks;
that all seafarers, regardless of how junior or senior, must not enter a confined space without permission and then only in accordance with ship management’s established procedure;
who on-board is authorized to permit entry into a confined space; and
 
that the best way for a seafarer to assist a fellow seafarer inside a confined space is to immediately raise the alarm so that an organized rescue can be conducted in accordance with ship management’s established procedure.
 
2. The Administrator also strongly recommends that Masters:
hold a special safety meeting to review the letter or bulletin issued by ship management and share the information provided in this MSA, with particular emphasis on enforcing the responsibility that all seafarers have to prevent confined space entry related incidents and the need for crewmembers to resist their natural urge to immediately enter a confined space in order to try to assist a fellow crewmember;
 
review the vessel’s confined space entry procedures with the vessel’s officers and crew and then conduct confined space entry training; and
conduct a confined space rescue drill.
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