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新西兰海事局:驾驶皮艇的渔民应始终遵循安全保护措施

来源:国际海员服务中心网 2018-09-07 00:29:35 责任编辑: 人气:

内容摘要:正如新西兰海事局通报称,一名男子驾驶皮划艇去河口钓鱼,并安全返回“石坝”吃午饭。但是当他下午3点再次出发时,便未回来,他被洋流拖拽出湖泊砾堤,不幸在海上遇难。新西兰海事局分析了这一事件并总结了经验教训。

 
正如新西兰海事局通报称,一名正在南部河流上钓鱼的渔民被洋流拖拽出湖泊砾堤,不幸在海上遇难。新西兰海事局分析了这一事件并总结了经验教训。
 
事件经过
 
当天早上,那名男子驾驶皮划艇去河口钓鱼,并安全返回“石坝”吃午饭。但是当他下午3点再次出发时,便未回来。
 
当他的朋友散步时发现了这名男子的皮划艇漂浮在海浪和河口泻湖之间的大砾石栏海边的海浪中,才拉响了警报。直升机搜索到该男子的尸体位于海岸线上。
 
他穿着牛仔裤、袜子和T恤,还有浮力背心,没有鞋子,但他上艇时有人看到他穿着靴子。
 
法医还发现,该男子穿的衣服不适合环境和钓鱼。浸泡在冷水中会致命,而且牛仔布和棉花几乎不绝缘。
 
这段河堤以危险而著称,每年至少有一人坠海。泻湖水位和海平面之间经常出现明显下降,导致明显平静的泻湖中出现强流。
 
小型船极易在人员无意识的情况下被拖至河堤的“航线临界点”。当天最强的潮汐流是从下午4点开始,当时该男子已经返回水中。
 
虽然泻湖相对受到强西南风的保护,但河堤的情况仍非常危险。由于落潮加强了河流流量逆推陆上风,这导致了河堤内出现4—6米的大浪。
 
当男子的尸体被发现时,他的浮力背心已经缩上去了。他离自己的皮划艇也相隔一段距离,这只适合在掩护水域使用。
 
此外,法医发现,一个带有跨部固定带的救生衣有可能挽救受害者的生命。即使穿着者已经失去意识,高质量的救生衣也能使其立在水中并且保持呼吸。
 
受害人未携带任何用来呼叫救援的通讯设备。新西兰海事局指出,虽然该名男子经验丰富,但他并不熟悉这一区域。
 
经验教训
 
•该男子未遵循许多基本的安全保护措施。他本应询问当地情况,并了解河口和河堤周边的危险。
 
•建议使用最高级别的401型救生衣。这款救生衣的领子可在紧急情况下为穿着者的头部提高支撑,其跨部固定带可防止救生衣上缩。
 
•桨手和小船应配备两种防水通信工具。对于划船人来说,这包括手持VHF收音机、防水挂绳包中的手机或个人定位信标(PLB)。
 
•防水通信装置应用挂绳与救生衣连接,或放在救生衣口袋中。
 
•皮划艇容易倾覆。为了防止低体温症,桨手应该穿着防寒泳衣,或者穿上羊毛或合成布料的衣服,如摇粒绒。
 
•这种类型的休闲皮划艇可能适合在泻湖内航行,但不适合河口的海况。该型号没有实质意义上的龙骨或舵,并且按其设计,该皮划艇无法有效应对湍流水域。
 
•河坝对于较大型船舶都很危险,更不用说像皮划艇或水上摩托车这样的小型桨船。建议任何前往河堤附近的人员都对当地情况进行考察。
 

——本文属ISSC独家编译 转载须署名来源国际海员服务中心网!

6新西兰海事局:驾驶皮艇的渔民应始终遵循安全保护措施.jpg


Maritime New Zealand: Kayakers should always follow safety precautions
 
As Maritime New Zealand informed, a kayaker who was fishing on a Southland river lost his life when he was dragged by the current out to sea across a gravel bar. Maritime New Zealand analyzes the incident and proposes lessons to be learned.
 
What happened
 
The man had taken his kayak to the river mouth that morning to go fishing, and had returned safely to the ‘crib’ for lunch. But when he headed out again about 3pm, he did not make it back.
 
The alarm was raised when his friend went for a walk and found the man’s kayak floating in surf on the sea side of a large gravel bar separating the ocean and river mouth lagoon. A helicopter search located his body down the coastline.
 
He was wearing jeans, socks and a T-shirt, along with his buoyancy vest. There was no footwear, but he had been seen wearing gumboots when he went to his kayak.
 
The Coroner also found that the man was wearing inappropriate clothing for the environment and the activity. Cold water immersion contributes to fatalities, and denim and cotton provide little insulation.
 
The bar has a reputation for being dangerous, with at least one whitebaiter getting carried out to sea each year. There is often a marked fall between the lagoon level and sea levels, resulting in a strong current in the apparently calm lagoon.
 
Small vessels can easily be dragged to the ‘point-of no-return’ at the bar, without the occupants realising it. The strongest tidal flow was from 4pm that day, when the man had returned to the water.
 
While the lagoon was relatively protected from the strong south-west breeze, conditions on the bar were extremely dangerous. The river flow, strengthened by the outgoing tide, was pushing against the onshore wind, and this resulted to the waves of 4–6 metres present on the bar.
 
The man’s buoyancy vest had ridden up when his body was found. He was also some distance from his kayak, which was suitable for use only in sheltered waters.
 
In addition, the Coroner found that a proper lifejacket with a crotch strap may have helped save the victim’s life. A high-rated lifejacket keeps the wearer vertical in the water and able to breathe, even if they are unconscious.
 
The victim was not carrying any type of communication device to call for help. Maritime New Zealand noted that while an experienced lake and river kayaker, this area was new to the man.
 
Lessons learned
 
This man did not follow many basic safety precautions. He should have made enquiries about the local conditions, and understood the dangers around the river mouth and bar.
 
A highest-rating, type 401, lifejacket is recommended. These have a collar to keep the wearer’s head supported and above water in an emergency, and a crotch strap to prevent the safety garment from riding up.
 
Paddlers and boaties should have two forms of waterproof communication. For kayakers this could include a hand-held VHF radio, a cellphone in a waterproof lanyard bag, or a personal locator beacon (PLB).
 
Waterproof communication devices should be attached to a lifejacket, on a lanyard, or stashed in a pocket.
 
Kayaks are prone to capsize. To prevent hypothermia, paddlers should wear a wetsuit, or layer up with woollen or synthetic clothing, such as polar fleece.
 
This type of recreational kayak was probably fit for the intended voyage within the lagoon, but not for the sea conditions at the river mouth. This model did not have a substantial keel or rudder, and it was not designed for efficient handling in turbulent waters.
 
River bars are dangerous for larger vessels, let alone small paddle craft such as kayaks or jetskis. Anybody on the water near a bar is advised to research local conditions.
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